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Available Treatments for Stroke Patients


Being a caregiver is not easy but you can ace it if you know what you are fighting against. Helping a patient to resume his/her life can be overwhelming that is why you have to be patient and work hard for it. If in this case you are looking after a patient that suffered stroke, you have to know the available treatments.

Stroke happen due to complications with the brain’s blood supply; the complications may be a blocked or ruptured blood vessel. Because of this, the brain will not get enough oxygen thereby the dying cells. Here in Singapore, stroke is listed to be one of the most common causes of death. This is serious that is why the government is doing its best to minimize its occurrence through information drive and incentives.

You have to know that there are three kinds of stroke – ischemic, haemorrhagic and transient ischemic attacks. The less severe is transient ischemic attack because it is temporary. When this stroke happens, it only briefly interrupts the flow of blood to your brain. The most common is the ischemic stroke. This stroke involves blockages or narrowing of arteries. As a result, there is a reduced flow of blood. The most severe one is haemorrhagic stroke were an artery is bursting or leaking blood.

You have to know the signs of stroke so you can pay attention next time. As for the treatment, it depends on the kind.

Ischemic stroke

It was mentioned that ischemic is caused by narrowing or blocking of arteries. The treatment focuses on how to restore adequate blood flow to the brain. It is usually done by drugs that tackles clots and prevent others from developing. Tissue Plasminogen Activator can also be considered which is effective in liquefying clots.

Haemorrhagic stroke

As for the haemorrhagic stroke, it is caused by a leak or rupture so the treatment concentrates on controlling the bleeding as well as reducing the pressure. Treatment can also include drugs. There is also surgery for repairing the problematic blood vessels.


Surviving stroke is a life-changer. As a caregiver, you have to understand this. With your help, their recovery will be successful. There are different rehabilitation techniques offered to the patients like speech therapy, physical therapy, support groups and occupational therapy. You do not expect a smooth journey through recovery because some patients are still depressed or in denial that is why you need everything you have to urge them to enjoy life. Support is needed and you should not ignore it.

Top Remedies for Sore Throat


Perhaps the most inconvenient pain is sore throat. It keeps you from enjoying good food because swallowing is very difficult and excruciating. It hurts but it is nobody’s business. The least that you can do is to look for remedies on your own. Sore throat happens when the cells found in your mucous membranes become inflamed or swollen.

Here in Singapore, you can consider homemade remedies or going to the doctor. Choice is yours. If in this case you want relief right away, remedies are available that can help you soothe the ache. Here are top remedies for sore throat:

Gargle with salt water

Gargling with warm salt water may come from your grandmother but it is sure effective if you give it a chance. Gargling warm salt water can effectively reduce the swelling. How to do it? Well that is easy. Heat 1 cup of water (just enough to make it warm) and then add ½ teaspoon of salt (table). You can gargle it now and just make sure you repeat it only thrice a day. More will mean drying out the soft tissue.

Drink an Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) with honey can be an effective relief against sore throat. ACV is effective because of its high acidity level that can kill bacteria. If you mix it with honey, you can drink it. You need 1 tablespoon of ACV, 1 tablespoon of honey and 1 cup of warm water. Mix it all and you have your mixture.

Suck garlic

Yes this sounds nauseating and you won’t probably go out after sucking on it but it is worth the shot. Garlic is actually a natural cure that can take away sore throat. Garlic has allicin that can kill bacteria. You need clove of garlics sliced in half. You do not bite it, just rub it against your teeth.

Steaming it out

The good news is that steam can give relief because it can make breathing easier – that is if you are congested. You don’t need to head to any sauna or steam room if you want to steam it out. You need one large bowl, hot water and towel. Boil water and pour it unto your bowl then lean over so you can inhale the steam.

Rest and fluids

Rest and drinking fluids are obvious if you do not feel well. Do not underestimate the power of rest and fluids. It would help if you combine it with natural remedies. The important thing here is to make sure that you give your body enough time to recover.

Post-Heart Attack Lifestyle Changes

Surviving a heart attack is often seen as a life-changing event. Apart from recovering from the procedures that were performed to treat the heart attack, health experts in Singapore suggest that patients also need to make some extensive changes in their lifestyle. These changes are designed to target the risk factors of heart disease and stop its progression. Although implementing the following lifestyle changes will never be easy, doing so after suffering from a heart attack is a crucial part in preventing its recurrence.

1. Quit Smoking

If you used to smoke, then the most important thing that you can do – not just for your heart but for your whole system – is to stop. Smoking increase the amount of fatty material stored in your arteries. In addition, the nicotine found in cigarettes makes the heart work faster. It constricts the blood vessels and increases your blood pressure and heart rate. Also, being exposed to second-hand smoke is detrimental to your health. So ensure that you avoid being exposed to cigarette smoke at any cost.

Quitting smoking is one of the most difficult changes that you will make, but your Singapore cardiologist will help you in the process. Ask him or her about a plan or some guidance as you give up smoking. Also, inquire whether he or she knows a support group that can help you in getting over this vice. Remember that because you failed to quit smoking before doesn’t mean that you can’t quit now for good.

2. Go on a Heart-Healthy Diet

Going on a heart-healthy diet is another important lifestyle change that you should make after experiencing a heart attack. A diet that’s low in cholesterol and is rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains will help in lowering blood pressure, cholesterol levels and body weight. Health experts in Singapore also recommend incorporating fishes that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids in your diet twice a week, as well as consulting your specialist about taking some omega-3 supplements.

Succeeding in this lifestyle change will be easier if you work with a dietitian. Together with a great cardiologist in Singapore they will be able to help you in planning your daily menus and finding recipes that best suits your condition and heart health. Your dietitian will also be able to provide you with resources that will allow you to focus on eating healthy foods. If you’re having problems looking for a dietitian for your rehab program, ask your cardiologist in Singapore for a referral.

3. Exercise Regularly

One of the most important factors to achieve a good heart health is to be physically active. Some patients are afraid of exercising after a heart attack, but working out is what you really need to strengthen your heart and reduce your risk of experiencing future heart attacks and heart disease. So as much as possible, take part in a cardiac rehabilitation program to help you establish an effective life-long workout plan.

If you don’t feel like going for a rehab, make sure to ask your Singapore cardiologist about what level of exercise is best for you and how you could possibly incorporate more activities in your daily routine. Also, ask your doctor about what warning signs to watch out for as you exercise, as well as what you should do when they occur.

4. Manage Obesity and Diabetes

Obesity and diabetes are some of the major risk factors for heart attack and heart disease. If you’re diagnosed with diabetes, it’s important that you work with your healthcare provider to have a tight control over your blood sugar. This is achievable through eating healthy diet, exercising and taking certain medications. Make sure that you work with your practitioner to develop an effective management plan for your diabetes.

Being obese is a major factor for developing diabetes and heart disease. Your specialist can help you create a plan to control the number of calories you consume, while increasing your physical activity to burn the extra calories. Have your cardiologist refer you to a registered dietitian or fitness expert to help you lose weight.

5. Treat High Cholesterol and High Blood Pressure Levels

High cholesterol and high blood pressure damage your arteries. Over time, it increases your risk of experiencing heart attack and stroke. Going a healthy diet, exercising and doing the aforementioned lifestyle changes can help, but it might not be enough in the long run. That said, ask your doctor about certain medications that you can take to manage or treat high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

6. Take Medications as Recommended

If your specialist has prescribed some medications for your heart condition, take them exactly as advised and report any side effects to your doctor. Also, don’t skip or stop taking any of your medicines without consulting your physician first.

7. Monitor Yourself for Signs of Depression

Experiencing mood changes, such as depression, is common in the first few months following your heart attack. However, it might be a problem as it can undermine your recovery and put you at risk for cardiovascular complications or worse, death. Feelings of hopelessness, sadness and loss of interest in activities you used to like that stay with you for two weeks should already prompt a call to your cardiologist in Singapore. Ask him or her about the treatment options available like counselling or medications that you can do to battle depression.

Experiencing a heart attack isn’t a sign that you should back away from doing the things that you love to do. It’s a sign that you should now make your health your top priority, and you can start doing that by applying the aforementioned changes into your life now.

Frequently Asked Questions: Important Points About Alkaline Ionized Water

Alkaline water machines or water ionizers are designed to obtain drinking water with a certain level of pH. Producing acidic and alkaline water, a water ionizer is connected to a water supply and electrical power source and is connected to the main tap water faucet or installed as an additional tap water supply in the kitchen.

With the controversy surrounding this product, many people in Singapore are wondering what really the scoop is on this product and whether it’s a good investment or not. There’s a lot of contradictory information about this, so it can be confusing to understand alkaline water properties and abilities to improve one’s health. However, if you know a couple of facts about this product, you can be confident to decide whether or not to buy one. To help you with that, here are the most important FAQs about alkaline ionized water you would certainly want to know.

Alkaline Ionized Water FAQs

1. Is alkaline ionized water beneficial to the health?

First and foremost, ionized water is a powerful antioxidant, so that alone is already beneficial for your health as it delays aging. It prevents damages caused by free radicals, which causes signs of aging to appear earlier and various types of cancer. Secondly, ionized water balances the pH level in our body because of its alkalinity. It neutralizes the acidity of the body from extremely acidic diet. Thirdly, with its reduced molecular size, water produced from ionizing machine is much more hydrating than that from basic water filter.

2. How much alkaline ionized water should I drink?

It varies from person to person. It depends on your weight—you need either an ounce or half of ionized water for every pound—and the complexity of your day-to-day activity. If you perspire more, then you should drink more to replenish the lost water. However, that’s just a general advice. If you’re under medication or enduring a more advance stage of health condition, seeking professional advice is strongly recommended before upping the doze of your alkaline water intake.

3. Does ionized water contain fluoride?

If you ionize tap water and not filter it prior the ionization, then yes it will contain fluoride and the same contaminants it got from your water supply. In order to ensure purity of water from fluoride, a water filter should be used before ionization. You can also use special filters to clean the water from toxic metals, like lead, arsenic, and mercury. Most water ionizing machines already have built-in standard water filters, but by choosing one that’s equipped with advanced type of filters you’re assured you’re drinking more purified, mineralized, and therefore more health beneficial water.

4. Is baking-soda water equally healthy as machine ionized alkaline water?

Baking soda contains another chemical—sodium bicarbonate; and alkalinizing water with baking soda will not only give you an unpleasantly tasting liquid, but loads of sodium as well. Because of this, using baking soda for permanent use to make the water alkaline can’t be recommended.

5. Can alkaline ionized water help lower blood pressure?

Ionized water can help lower blood pressure, but it does not guarantee that in extreme cases as it is not a medicine. However, by drinking alkaline ionized water, you’re not only hydrating yourself but also providing your body with all the minerals contained in it; therefore benefitting your health in the long run.

6. How to make water alkaline when away from home?

When travelling, you can use portable water ionizing units. Many of these are in the form of tumblers and pitchers, and are available in the same supplier you got your water ionizing machine. While it’s not as effective as your ionizing machine, it can still produce moderate amount of pH level in the water and even add magnesium and calcium in it.

Overall, it boils down that a water ionizer is a great investment in ensuring that your health is kept in tip-top condition. This will provide you clean and fresh water supply at home and allow you and your family to enjoy its many great health benefits.

Genital Warts and HPV

All of us want to be protected from STDs, like genital warts. These tiny, below-the-belt bumps are caused by the human papillomavirus, or commonly called HPV, which are transmitted through sexual contact.


HPV infection is one of the common STDs in Singapore. Some forms of this virus can cause vaginal, cervical, rectal, and penile cancer. Once a person gets infected by HPV, it usually takes one to three months for the warts to surface, although in some cases they don’t show up at all.


Genital warts are flesh-, red-, or pink-coloured skin growths that appear on or inside the genitals during your STD screening check. They look like small cauliflowers or even tinier that you can barely see them. They are usually not painful, although in some instances can cause mild pain, itching, and even bleeding. Left untreated, the warts can spread rapidly in the genital area.

In men, genital warts can grow on the penis, scrotum, groin, thighs, and inside or outside the anal region. In women, they usually grow inside and outside of the vagina or anus and in the cervix. And since HPV can be transmitted through oral sex, warts may also appear in the mouth and throat and on the lips of the infected person.

Even if you can’t see the warts, it’s still possible to detect them if there’s vaginal discharge, bleeding, itching, and burning sensations happening in the genital area which can be discovered at in SIngapore. If the warts are left untreated, they can spread or enlarge, which can make the situation even more uncomfortable and painful.


There are over 40 types of HPV that can affect the genitals. However, according to some Singapore healthcare experts, 90 percent of such cases are caused by HPV 6 or HPV11.

HPV is a transmissible virus through skin-to-skin contact; therefore, any sexually active individual is at risk for HPV, although it’s more common in people below 30 years old. The viral particles penetrate the skin through microscopic abrasions in the genitals, which often happens during sexual intercourse. Once human cells are infected by HPV, it quietly works inside in a period of months to years, showing no signs of infection. Later on, warts start emerging in the genital area, which usually appears in clusters of three to four.


In an STD screening, your doctor will likely perform the following examinations to check for genital warts and any related STD:

• Physical examination of visible skin growths to confirm whether they are warts
• Application of acetic acid solution to highlight unnoticeable growths
• Pap smear and pelvic exam (for women)
• A specialized test for high-risk HPV
• Biopsy of cervical tissue (if any abnormality from the Pap smear result is found) to ensure that there’s no abnormal cells that could develop into cervical cancer
• Physical examination of the anal area.



Diagnosis of genital warts is often based on the history of the growth and finding from an STD screening. During the screening, your doctor will do a physical examination of the regions where you suspect warts are growing. Because warts can grow inside the body of women, your doctor will likely perform a pelvic test as well. A mild acidic solution may also be applied in the area to make the warts, especially the unnoticeable ones, more visible ones.

The doctor will also take a swab to get sample cells from the cervix. The sample is then tested for any signs of HPV. Some types of HPV can cause abnormal Pap smear results, which may lead to precancerous changes. If the specialist detects such abnormalities, you may be requested for more frequent screening to tack the changes.

You also be asked about your sexual history. This could include the number of partners you’ve had, your last screening, and whether or not you have engaged in unprotected sexual intercourse.
If you’re concerned about being contracted of an HPV type that causes cervical cancer, your doctor can do a DNA test.


Unfortunately, there’s no cure for HPV, but it can be treated. Genital warts can be removed with laser therapy, applying chemicals on it, or freezing it. There are also prescription drugs and topical treatments available to use at home. For warts that are larger and more difficult to treat, surgery may be necessary. However, it won’t permanently remove the warts as they can resurface after a few months. You may need to return to your healthcare provider for more treatment.


The surest way to prevent genital warts is abstinence. But if you’re sexually active, having sex to only one person and having a mutually monogamous relationship greatly lowers the risk of getting genital warts.

An anti-HPV vaccine named Gardasil can also protect both men and women from common types of HPV that cause genital warts, as well as some HPVs that show links to cervical cancer. There’s also Cervarix, another anti-HPV vaccine, which protects women from cervical cancer but not from genital warts. However, these vaccines are most effective when injected before a person becomes sexually active.

In addition to the vaccines, protected sex should be practiced every single time to reduce the risk of contracting with HPV and growing genital warts.

Not all bumps are caused by HPV. They could just be skin tags or haemorrhoids, but can also be symptoms of other STDs, like syphilis, or worse skin cancer. STD screening Singapore can examine closely any suspicious bumps you may have. Have it checked by a healthcare provider right away to protect your health and your partner’s health from potentially fatal health problems.